【docker-compose】一键部署WordPress博客

1、创建wordpress项目目录

[root@docker ~]# mkdir wordpress
[root@docker ~]# cd wordpress/
[root@docker wordpress]# 

2、创建docker-compose.yml配置文件

[root@docker wordpress]# touch docker-compose.yml
[root@docker wordpress]# vim docker-compose.yml 
[root@docker wordpress]# cat docker-compose.yml 
version: "3.3"
    
services:
  db:
    image: mysql:5.7
    volumes:
      - db_data:/var/lib/mysql
    restart: always
    environment:
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: somewordpress
      MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress
      MYSQL_USER: wordpress
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: wordpress
    
  wordpress:
    depends_on:
      - db
    image: wordpress:latest
    volumes:
      - wordpress_data:/var/www/html
    ports:
      - "8000:80"
    restart: always
    environment:
      WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db
      WORDPRESS_DB_USER: wordpress
      WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: wordpress
      WORDPRESS_DB_NAME: wordpress
volumes:
  db_data: {}
  wordpress_data: {}
[root@docker wordpress]# 

3、一键启动wordpress项目

docker-compose up -d

命令运行执行过程如下所示

[root@docker wordpress]# docker-compose up -d
Creating network "wordpress_default" with the default driver
Creating volume "wordpress_db_data" with default driver
Creating volume "wordpress_wordpress_data" with default driver
Pulling wordpress (wordpress:latest)...
latest: Pulling from library/wordpress
a2abf6c4d29d: Pull complete
c5608244554d: Pull complete
2d07066487a0: Pull complete
1b6dfaf1958c: Pull complete
32c5e6a60073: Pull complete
90cf855b27cc: Pull complete
8b0f1068c586: Pull complete
5355461305e8: Pull complete
ad1eec592342: Pull complete
e03fbc76cb78: Pull complete
1f5796e48b39: Pull complete
72fbe8e1d4e7: Pull complete
96edece66175: Pull complete
5f46f0743de2: Pull complete
c9f9671a5e1f: Pull complete
3f543dcd35b1: Pull complete
c88e21a0c2a0: Pull complete
964b4457a910: Pull complete
0d55fb9a64ef: Pull complete
fb009ff7c567: Pull complete
4f058a67a50d: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:fc33b796b04162a0db2e9ea9b4c361a07058b21597b1317ad9ab3ea4593de241
Status: Downloaded newer image for wordpress:latest
Creating wordpress_db_1 ... done
Creating wordpress_wordpress_1 ... done

4、查看相关信息参数

  • 查看正在运行的容器
[root@docker wordpress]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE              COMMAND                  CREATED              STATUS              PORTS                                   NAMES
74dde54efbe0   wordpress:latest   "docker-entrypoint.s…"   About a minute ago   Up About a minute   0.0.0.0:8000->80/tcp, :::8000->80/tcp   wordpress_wordpress_1
f22bc03ae9ca   mysql:5.7          "docker-entrypoint.s…"   About a minute ago   Up About a minute   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp                     wordpress_db_1
[root@docker wordpress]# 
  • 查看wordpress镜像
[root@docker wordpress]# docker images
REPOSITORY        TAG                IMAGE ID       CREATED         SIZE
wordpress         latest             c3c92cc3dcb1   4 months ago    616MB
mysql             5.7                c20987f18b13   4 months ago    448MB
  • 查看wordpress镜像详细信息参数
[root@docker wordpress]# docker image inspect wordpress
[
    {
        "Id": "sha256:c3c92cc3dcb1a903fed0374a837f38d716ae104d0e4c9705bddb53a76419534d",
        "RepoTags": [
            "wordpress:latest"
        ],
        "RepoDigests": [
            "wordpress@sha256:fc33b796b04162a0db2e9ea9b4c361a07058b21597b1317ad9ab3ea4593de241"
        ],
        "Parent": "",
        "Comment": "",
        "Created": "2021-12-22T12:22:44.907734362Z",
        "Container": "76e81f08668906b548f73ef1272100f6fa94ce50eb13bcb9701750958ccb9f7c",
        "ContainerConfig": {
            "Hostname": "76e81f086689",
            "Domainname": "",
            "User": "",
            "AttachStdin": false,
            "AttachStdout": false,
            "AttachStderr": false,
            "ExposedPorts": {
                "80/tcp": {}
            },
            "Tty": false,
            "OpenStdin": false,
            "StdinOnce": false,
            "Env": [
                "PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
                "PHPIZE_DEPS=autoconf \t\tdpkg-dev \t\tfile \t\tg++ \t\tgcc \t\tlibc-dev \t\tmake \t\tpkg-config \t\tre2c",
                "PHP_INI_DIR=/usr/local/etc/php",
                "APACHE_CONFDIR=/etc/apache2",
                "APACHE_ENVVARS=/etc/apache2/envvars",
                "PHP_CFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_CPPFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_LDFLAGS=-Wl,-O1 -pie",
                "GPG_KEYS=42670A7FE4D0441C8E4632349E4FDC074A4EF02D 5A52880781F755608BF815FC910DEB46F53EA312",
                "PHP_VERSION=7.4.27",
                "PHP_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.27.tar.xz",
                "PHP_ASC_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.27.tar.xz.asc",
                "PHP_SHA256=3f8b937310f155822752229c2c2feb8cc2621e25a728e7b94d0d74c128c43d0c"
            ],
            "Cmd": [
                "/bin/sh",
                "-c",
                "#(nop) ",
                "CMD [\"apache2-foreground\"]"
            ],
            "Image": "sha256:946e01a0332f0a94ab8098875adfccd45de7853714478cdc675c160bc190fa95",
            "Volumes": {
                "/var/www/html": {}
            },
            "WorkingDir": "/var/www/html",
            "Entrypoint": [
                "docker-entrypoint.sh"
            ],
            "OnBuild": null,
            "Labels": {},
            "StopSignal": "SIGWINCH"
        },
        "DockerVersion": "20.10.7",
        "Author": "",
        "Config": {
            "Hostname": "",
            "Domainname": "",
            "User": "",
            "AttachStdin": false,
            "AttachStdout": false,
            "AttachStderr": false,
            "ExposedPorts": {
                "80/tcp": {}
            },
            "Tty": false,
            "OpenStdin": false,
            "StdinOnce": false,
            "Env": [
                "PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
                "PHPIZE_DEPS=autoconf \t\tdpkg-dev \t\tfile \t\tg++ \t\tgcc \t\tlibc-dev \t\tmake \t\tpkg-config \t\tre2c",
                "PHP_INI_DIR=/usr/local/etc/php",
                "APACHE_CONFDIR=/etc/apache2",
                "APACHE_ENVVARS=/etc/apache2/envvars",
                "PHP_CFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_CPPFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_LDFLAGS=-Wl,-O1 -pie",
                "GPG_KEYS=42670A7FE4D0441C8E4632349E4FDC074A4EF02D 5A52880781F755608BF815FC910DEB46F53EA312",
                "PHP_VERSION=7.4.27",
                "PHP_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.27.tar.xz",
                "PHP_ASC_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.27.tar.xz.asc",
                "PHP_SHA256=3f8b937310f155822752229c2c2feb8cc2621e25a728e7b94d0d74c128c43d0c"
            ],
            "Cmd": [
                "apache2-foreground"
            ],
            "Image": "sha256:946e01a0332f0a94ab8098875adfccd45de7853714478cdc675c160bc190fa95",
            "Volumes": {
                "/var/www/html": {}
            },
            "WorkingDir": "/var/www/html",
            "Entrypoint": [
                "docker-entrypoint.sh"
            ],
            "OnBuild": null,
            "Labels": null,
            "StopSignal": "SIGWINCH"
        },
        "Architecture": "amd64",
        "Os": "linux",
        "Size": 616019481,
        "VirtualSize": 616019481,
        "GraphDriver": {
            "Data": {
                "LowerDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/10e7ab6038414fc88332b2eae4cfb14dda92edab7760b81e2dcbae95be47eaeb/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2884bfc529cfa8044e82537076f6b15f0cb003b549b952668e276039bdceef9a/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/e8e3a23fdb1faa46be8380d0476acd576a49a97befb0a018c65db5addac6c3a3/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/aa9b79869b43445fbdc6a31f3f6bd4d902bbff010a9a6e109856e9ceea4bf4ad/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/c139cd93e615ec61b79e69c94f4319f797b485b76d48f00ce9faa77c195fc452/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/136d4761234aca9c82ca233753f250a46169f5401e51518811614ded12ebefa4/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/f78ed7733ca7b5d5ef0f02ac04f98eb8c1e22f37a93a9f0278b7f3108c6f3a48/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/6cdeaa8faad2381a61ae21c133a6bdcdb61cf558cf6e89fc9e8db7c352301d1f/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/0b4cea44728b2d74bf39fb69f9ccb6402e2117ebf4d54b8f2d14653d032ba12f/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/d27e9fcb57f79408927a6e2910086bad36d88291a601e877f028513840399bc3/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2f2b18318c209c0184b5766670808285e0545c1e68a1658efb511636d1033f28/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/ed9a87da9254ad473c92a820295874ab67d88c492647ff1bb78e160b05c7dcc7/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/dd7b9486ac80666eefc319070f00aeb1f26f1df1dda5301f57ab4c24ba2771b3/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/0450b509c683bec9e8bad207d87a7eb505d69f086961be46e0c8df868ab1144e/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/d55a71f8bab352884cdce71228f76973a7734a3a0a8a3facba3f496059346ba4/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2fe09d1aa764b041a3f27dd4399390e14b3fb64b4464fd5b26afef2a3a56f4bf/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/87ba02c078abca0b51ee759547e0313ed0dbe26581ce034742ba938bfea5bf88/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/d7ff4ef14ccaae7407682309049ce6158f389e4bd205b68886ac758461733422/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2e2cb15add20c5ba711c5273f1fdddb7f1a54d488952a8816d5b470f583b07b7/diff:/var/lib/docker/overlay2/b806a2064e4e38e04f61fc73eddb216c2de6d65ff83772fe4eb05a63887b0b00/diff",
                "MergedDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/ae8ebfb3d264d1e16727a7b1ae2e717969a8907c5749ad6523f399b909b3bb06/merged",
                "UpperDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/ae8ebfb3d264d1e16727a7b1ae2e717969a8907c5749ad6523f399b909b3bb06/diff",
                "WorkDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/ae8ebfb3d264d1e16727a7b1ae2e717969a8907c5749ad6523f399b909b3bb06/work"
            },
            "Name": "overlay2"
        },
        "RootFS": {
            "Type": "layers",
            "Layers": [
                "sha256:2edcec3590a4ec7f40cf0743c15d78fb39d8326bc029073b41ef9727da6c851f",
                "sha256:2a3138346faa8ee4b6576fcbb2c6fee83f0bbe068d9bba5e3319929fcd8c7ada",
                "sha256:0fdfbbf7aebd824633c30eeb27764703e6542240276c77be96a361a0317a1048",
                "sha256:ee0ca96d307e2b44287feb00422347eca7e232623cd296836bc4fa667a5afb66",
                "sha256:6e4300c6b758e4eb09040760786bb6f80a2e9292a99473e04b5437ba49f223a5",
                "sha256:5649286863133a7dc1abc7e4df13abfb2ba9d9873f8b279e74321a4e4317cfcd",
                "sha256:6c39776a30a0f2123685eb293379f7662f41947245a4bb436612d12ac500e84d",
                "sha256:23946094ff3f63e854aa094f023dcb277ffec1ab69d8799c0ac0105d1f611bc1",
                "sha256:b299cffd87cbd3caccb7cc2d1bddf236693585f041fe9fde441d9a82feb20ff8",
                "sha256:56543a169be6589b8408e4aaa230e529870dafedd5cf191ced84a9ba13cd60b4",
                "sha256:55d40777afe64bab763a7d744513ddb93a29b3f5802ca0575fe03c0a8ed67dc9",
                "sha256:7446d340e7f8da0e738b0a1a9fb6a1fe906e7e9d238447a44519e6d1e225d30f",
                "sha256:10dfb82106c4667a9e465437331fe459e6d50369832b38d0a88b862f1cfa71e7",
                "sha256:d390f2d56bd85a24191a667840c3836506f73d69522ab793dcb41965f269f9a9",
                "sha256:0d79fe9ffe74abce48ccf46c394e162115ec5a40cf57e993f8c7f3041e1205f4",
                "sha256:4793c0a2ad02c5fab0556045d0a182c69218d0a8e892f32047b0666e472b406b",
                "sha256:a4e2d002482e345abd2cb9e92f0d86fd5af455752be758bc9b3c80c55ecacbce",
                "sha256:f0287c40b0d61bcb53f04716fab390a45d96af7f9e7104bce13793edc4a516c7",
                "sha256:98b68a8435741330255aa4c24df32f82b356e44fe0089dc288e3d74ef6722ac5",
                "sha256:8f1b90d2be40e2da876dc34793e4938ea1591b2f54e396f931564ee07ad1d585",
                "sha256:c7ae1aefcc695d00e45dd1cd3517ac92893f07c0915261609d044636e6d2c86b"
            ]
        },
        "Metadata": {
            "LastTagTime": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z"
        }
    }
]
  • 查看wordpress的网络信息
[root@docker wordpress]# docker network ls
NETWORK ID     NAME                       DRIVER    SCOPE
6da4ea82dc8f   bridge                     bridge    local
6122e04c63b8   composetest_default        bridge    local
2fff17891e10   host                       host      local
7aa928301028   mynet                      bridge    local
e09cdd0344b3   none                       null      local
6e65d674deba   redis                      bridge    local
366cc0a1f57b   wordpress_default          bridge    local
531566df42e7   xybdiy_workpress_default   bridge    local
  • 查看wordpress容器的网络详细信息
[root@docker wordpress]# docker network inspect 366cc0a1f57b
[
    {
        "Name": "wordpress_default",
        "Id": "366cc0a1f57b7b23ddfb5e46e3f6a48040294e61fc66a4065a2bfe163b48681c",
        "Created": "2022-04-23T22:58:30.173133699+08:00",
        "Scope": "local",
        "Driver": "bridge",
        "EnableIPv6": false,
        "IPAM": {
            "Driver": "default",
            "Options": null,
            "Config": [
                {
                    "Subnet": "172.20.0.0/16",
                    "Gateway": "172.20.0.1"
                }
            ]
        },
        "Internal": false,
        "Attachable": true,
        "Ingress": false,
        "ConfigFrom": {
            "Network": ""
        },
        "ConfigOnly": false,
        "Containers": {
            "74dde54efbe05c5e7a5f57c174272d9ab68f333b358f517e0763eea9040c9a47": {
                "Name": "wordpress_wordpress_1",
                "EndpointID": "919b186d0fb0d56026300450432091abcde8ebb411b5ae1db400297aa6f2cc1c",
                "MacAddress": "02:42:ac:14:00:03",
                "IPv4Address": "172.20.0.3/16",
                "IPv6Address": ""
            },
            "f22bc03ae9ca55daa657a98a0e5f212b14bd3ca57c3244cd50e588d871b6b1f2": {
                "Name": "wordpress_db_1",
                "EndpointID": "01ba837f9dc58acd3fa90655c4cc5d0d1b639aaab10c1dc1aa1f81ca8f04a2c9",
                "MacAddress": "02:42:ac:14:00:02",
                "IPv4Address": "172.20.0.2/16",
                "IPv6Address": ""
            }
        },
        "Options": {},
        "Labels": {
            "com.docker.compose.network": "default",
            "com.docker.compose.project": "wordpress",
            "com.docker.compose.version": "1.25.0"
        }
    }
]
[root@docker wordpress]# 

5、配置wordpress

http://192.168.200.8:8000/wp-admin/install.php

1、选择语言版本信息。
image-20220423230554932
2、配置相关信息。设置站点名、用户名、密码等。
image-20220423230808870
3、安装完成。
image-20220423230753321
4、使用用户名和密码登录wordpress。
image-20220423230852170
5、登录完成,进入wordpress博客后台。
image-20220423230952911
6、查看wordpress初始化网页界面。
image-20220423231017265
至此,wordpress通过docker-compose一键安装部署完成。

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